Biology jobs

Why study Biology in the United Kingdom? Firstly, few places have influenced human thought more in terms of science and technology than this small collection of islands.

In the United Kingdom, the student biologist can retrace the steps of Darwin, White of Selborne, Robert Hooke and a host of others, who did so much to establish the fundamentals of the subject. You have heard of the tri-carboxylic acid, or Kreb’s cycle; so to seek out its origins, go to Sheffield. You have heard of the first chlorination of water; this single, deceptively-simple measure occurred following regular cholera epidemics in London – one step that saved more lives than all the antibiotics which were also first to be found here. Matchless collections, assembled by pioneer British biologists, from all parts of the world, are here to study. Names like Banks, Wallace and Hooker are to be seen on countless herbarium pages, or on the jars of preserved type-specimens on the shelves of UK museums. Where do you think are the papers from HMS Beagle or the journals of Captain Cook?

For complete details about study in uk, visit abroad education corner.

So what of the present? The UK continues to absorb peoples and cultures from all parts of the world, its’ universities adapting themselves in an unbroken tradition that stretches back for nearly eight hundred years. Over 90 universities, within a total of about 140 higher educational institutions, award a first or Bachelor’s Degree. Of these, the vast majority advertise courses in Biology, in all its forms, which remains the most popular science. Postgraduate work, beyond the Bachelor’s Degree, encompasses Diploma courses, studies at Masters’ level and the Degree of Ph.D. As you can see from the familiar terminology, British qualifications are recognised worldwide.

Study in the metropolis of London, or in the wider spread of England beyond. Choose the mountains and open spaces of Scotland or Wales. Take in the distinctive atmosphere of Ulster. Wherever you decide to go, you can be sure to find a rewarding and stimulating course. But what about the standards? How can you distinguish between course literature from so wide a range of institutions? How can you trust that what is advertised is actually true? The answer is Quality Assurance, via a government agency, which can inspect all courses, be that at undergraduate or postgraduate level.

The Degree of B.Sc. (Applied Biological Sciences), for example, is expected by its students to cover more or less the same fundamental ground and with similar academic goals, wherever it is taught. Traditionally too, British universities inspect each other, via a system in which external examiners from other similar UK institutions participate in the examination process. The assessment of students must be seen to be unbiased and all standards must be seen to be maintained. In fact, Quality Assurance has been so successful that the process is now being copied in many other parts of the world!

What of variations in course content? Biology, always at the forefront of human endeavour, continues to evolve. UK universities do their utmost to keep pace with all new developments, for this is the tradition by which they survive.

Subdivision of Biology courses into subject areas, such as Biochemistry, Biotechnology or Genetics, often makes it possible for students to select single specialized routes for further study. By contrast, the same modular-based course system means that other students can develop their own more broadly-based Biology Degrees. For graduates seeking opportunities for research, many institutions offer Diploma, Masters’ or Doctorate level work. Not surprisingly, a larger university will possess a greater subject range, whilst the smaller institution may pride itself on lower student numbers and closer, more personal supervision. Greater diversity contributes to the strength of the whole.

Under the UK system, work is intensive. Three-year Bachelor and Ph.D. Degree programmes tend to be the norm in which people need to study efficiently and quickly. The wider world outside awaits their talents and the contribution that UK-based Degrees can make.

For complete details about study in uk, visit abroad education corner.

article source:http://www.intstudy.com/articles/twebio.htm

For complete details about study in uk, visit abroad education corner.

Teaching jobs

There are many benefits to studying abroad – you will acquire cross-cultural experience, gain new perspectives on your chosen field of study, and make many new friends. But studying in the United States offers additional opportunities and challenges for aspiring teachers, as the field of education is changing dramatically. Never before has so much attention been paid to the quality of teacher education and to our nation’s schools. This new emphasis on teaching and learning makes it an exciting time to be working and studying in the field.

For complete details about study in uk, visit abroad education corner.

One reason why teacher training has become a top priority in the US is the nation’s growing need for teachers. Forecasters project that we will need to hire two million new teachers over the next decade. Students who receive a teaching degree in the US will find many employment opportunities, particularly in fields like mathematics, special education, science, and ESL. Future educators who come to the US to study can take advantage not only of its growing job market, but also of its diverse population, as education students have the chance to work with children from many different cultures and economic backgrounds. This experience will benefit you no matter where you pursue your teaching career.

First Steps
Your first step on the road to a teaching career is entry into an education program at a college or university. Admissions requirements usually include an interview and records of test scores and grades. Students just beginning college can choose from several program options, depending on the school – some students declare an education major upon entering university, whereas others declare an education major in their sophomore or junior year. Some schools do not allow students to major in education, but prefer them to complete a 4-year degree in an academic major, requiring a 5th year education program incorporating coursework and practice before granting a license.

For students who already have a bachelor’s degree and are interested in teaching, there are alternative paths to a teaching license. These non-traditional teacher education programs are designed to offer pedagogical theory and classroom internships to students already possessing a degree. These programs are usually one year in length, and do not culminate in a degree – you may wish to pursue a master’s degree program, which is usually two years in length.

A Program that’s Right for You
In the United States, there is no central ministry that approves teacher education programs; each state sets its own standards for program approval and teacher licensing. This leads to a wide variation in the quality of teacher preparation programs. However, while programs differ from state to state and school to school, all emphasize three areas to different degrees: the liberal arts, with a focus in a specialty area; pedagogy, the study of how to teach; and field experience, or practice teaching in a classroom.

How do you decide which schools meet high professional standards and offer the kind of program that will prepare you to become a successful teacher? Successful teachers know their subject matter and are able to use a variety of methods to teach that subject to children. They can teach students from different backgrounds and different stages of development, and are comfortable working with colleagues, parents, and the community to improve student learning. Teachers must also be imaginative experts in motivational techniques, time management, and child psychology. To gain all of the skills you will need for this challenging career requires a strong teacher preparation program. Here are some things to look for:

NCATE Accreditation
NCATE is a non-governmental, non-profit coalition of over 30 national organizations representing millions of educators and the public, all committed to quality teaching and teacher preparation. Through the field-at-large, NCATE develops national standards in teacher preparation, and an NCATE-accredited school of education has met standards deemed critically important for teacher preparation today. NCATE’s standards focus on what students in the education program know and are able to do.

Professional Development Schools
Some colleges of education have working relationships with K-12 schools, called Professional Development Schools, where aspiring teachers receive extended experience teaching in a classroom. PDSs offer much more than the traditional several week stint with one supervising teacher in one classroom. Student teachers benefit from extended clinical practice, and feedback from a variety of mentor teachers, as well as their peers and university supervisors. Student teachers also get the opportunity to increase their connections between theory and practice – often, university faculty teach children at the PDS and K-12 faculty teach classes at the university. This arrangement ensures that education students benefit from the knowledge of faculty who work regularly with K-12 students.

Finding Out More
Obviously, it is very important to make the right decisions in your education. One helpful resource is NCATE’s ‘A Guide to College Programs in Teacher Preparation’, the definitive guide to nationally accredited teacher preparation programs. This provides information about each of the accredited colleges and universities – from tuition, size, and length of program to descriptions of noteworthy program features, including clinical experiences, and a list of those programs that meet especially high standards set by leaders in each teaching field.

For complete details about study in uk, visit abroad education corner.

article source:http://www.intstudy.com/articles/teach.htm

For complete details about study in uk, visit abroad education corner.

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Railway Jobs

The Indian Railways provide jobs to many in India. The Indian Railway recruits a lot of people every year. A career with the railways is both secure and pleasing simultaneously as this sector is not affected by recession. It is a very large concern with much scope for recruitment. People with different levels of educational qualifications can find jobs in various ranks in this department. The Indian Railways are divided into various ranks, which are again sub-divided. Each division has its technical and non-technical departments with different functions. The technical departments include civil, technical and mechanical engineering, signaling and telecom services. To manage the non-technical departments, the railways recruit in the fields of general services such as accounts, personnel management, Railway protection Force (RPF) or security and traffic services, among others

Railway officers of the highest rank belong to Group A whereas officers of the lowest rank belong to Group D.
Group A officers are recruited by UPSC. UPSC conducts Civil Services examination or the Recruitment to the Indian Railway Accounts service (IRAS) and the Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS). Recruitment to the Indian Railway services of Engineers (IRSE), Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSE) is done through the Combined Engineering Service Examination.

Group B employees have an advantage of not appearing in to any special examination
There are nearly 19 RRBs with the duty of recruiting the requisite number of staff for each zone. RRB generally recruits Group C and D employees. All the appealing candidates belonging to any region can apply for these RRBs examination.
Railway officers of all the Groups and the Non-gazetted employees are trained at the Zonal Training Schools itself. Officers in various Railway Jobs are trained at the following Centralized Training Institutes. The Indian Railways run six centralized training institutes for imparting training to the selected candidates.The main Training Institutes are:

Indian Railway Institute of Signal Engineering and Telecommunications
Indian Railway Institute of Transportation Management
Indian Railway Institute of Civil Engineering
Indian Railway Institute of Electrical Engineering
Railway Protection Force Academy
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